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HadlowPrimary School

Happiness, Progress, Success


Learning to Read and Write


We teach daily Phonics lessons that are interactive, engaging and fun. Phonics is a way of teaching children to read and write. Children are taught how to:


  • Recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes
  • Identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make e.g. sh and ee
  • Blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word


Children can then use this knowledge to segment and blend new words that they hear or see.


Why phonics?


Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way- starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex- it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read.


During your child’s first year at school, they will learn all phase 2 and phase 3 sounds. We learn two sounds a week, following them in order from left to right as shown on the images below (s, a, t, p, i, n etc).

Phase 2 Sounds

Phase 3 Sounds

Children are also taught Phase 2 and Phase 3 tricky words. These are words that we cannot sound out (high frequency words).

Phase 2 and 3 Tricky Words

Helping your child with reading at home


A useful website to help with practising phonics at home:


This clip is a brief summary of almost all Cued Articulation hand signs as written and designed by Jane Passy. Taken from Jane Passy's book "Cued Articulation: Consonants and Vowels" Revised edition (2010), Acer Press.


Use this clip to learn how the phonics sounds are pronounced. Please ignore the hand signs as we do not use these:

Cued Articulation, Jane Passy - summary of all sounds and handsigns

This is just a brief summary of almost all Cued Articulation hand signs (excluding the triphthongs) as written and designed by Jane Passy. I own none of the ...

Jolly Phonics Songs are used at the beginning of each lesson, please use this video to help your child learn the songs.



Jolly Phonics

List of Core Books

Hadlow Primary School

Hadlow, Tonbridge, Kent, TN11 0EH